Malaysians are anticipated to benefit from the newest era of wi-fi expertise: 5G, or fifth era cellular community, someday later this yr.
There are such a lot of issues we count on from 5G companies. The brand new community is anticipated to supply gigabit Web speeds and capability, and far decrease latency (vital for calls and gaming). It would additionally facilitate the implementation of Web of Issues (IoT). With 5G, a client might obtain a feature-length film in Excessive Definition in lower than few seconds.
5G in Malaysia shall be obtainable by way of a Single Wholesale Community (SWN) community, operated by Digital Nasional Berhad (DNB). This Authorities-owned firm will solely personal, construct and function the 5G infrastructure and provide 5G as a wholesale community service to different Telecommunication firms comparable to Maxis, Celcom, Digi, U Cell, Telekom Malaysia (TM) and others.
So what are the Web issues in Malaysia? Previously decade these are the foremost Web-related points in Malaysia:
- Poor 3G, 4G protection at many areas
- Sluggish/inconsistent 4G Web speeds
- Poor Worldwide connectivity together with horrible routing to main Web networks
- Can’t get a set fibre connection attributable to out of protection, no port availability
- Poor customer support by the Telcos and poor complaints dealing with by Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Fee (MCMC)
- Poor client safety, together with service contract that don’t defend Malaysian client rights
- Unannounced community upkeep inflicting Web service disruption on cellular and glued broadband
- Amongst others
Right here’s 4 causes on why I feel 5G in Malaysia shouldn’t be going to repair all these Web issues:
1. DNB is simply one other Telekom Malaysia (TM)
Let me get straight to the purpose right here, Digital Nasional Berhad (DNB) is simply one other Telekom Malaysia (TM). Its managed by the Authorities, it has monopoly to deploy the community, it goals to make a revenue for shareholders and each firms are “intently regulated” by MCMC.
In 2008, Telekom Malaysia (TM) made a take care of the Authorities to solely construct and function the nationwide Excessive Velocity Broadband (HSBB) community. Utilizing the HSBB community, TM launched its unifi fibre broadband service for customers in 2010. About 8 months later in 2010, TM managed to enroll Maxis as a serious buyer for its HSBB service. Nevertheless, in 2014, Maxis stated it was not joyful working with TM.
Aside from these, as a nationwide broadband community, Telekom Malaysia (TM) had at all times given Unifi a precedence in HSBB. For instance, TM introduced in July 2018 that its Unifi broadband plans will quickly provide speeds as much as 800Mbps, nonetheless Maxis solely began providing 800Mbps plans in April 2019. Different main Telcos additionally took some time to journey on the HSBB community for client fibre broadband service. Celcom signed up for HSBB service in 2011 however its fibre broadband service wasn’t instantly obtainable to all. Digi solely signed up 10-12 years later in 2020. U Cell is probably going nonetheless negotiating a deal for entry.
Right here’s what I discovered. Mounted Broadband service from TM was costly again then, and it’s nonetheless costly till right now. Streamyx was a monopoly, HSBB can also be a monopoly. TM didn’t construct the HSBB community for each dwelling since port availability has develop into a difficulty for a few years now. There are simply not sufficient competitors and poor regulation.
Its most likely going to be the identical with 5G. There’s solely a single supplier for 5G and regardless in the event you subscribe to a Maxis 5G service, Celcom 5G, Digi 5G or U Cell 5G – all of it runs on the identical 5G community, powered by Digital Nasional Berhad (DNB).
Information about DNB:
- It doesn’t personal any fibre community
- It doesn’t personal any base station or any 2G/3G/4G networks
- It doesn’t have a monitor report, however its going to construct a RM11 billion 5G community, plus with an extra RM15 billion funding from the personal sector
- It solely owns all of the 5G spectrum
The GSM Affiliation (GSMA) says DNB is a monopoly.
Personally, I don’t have an issue with a single 5G community in Malaysia, for so long as it’s within the curiosity of customers. However DNB raises loads of questions because it doesn’t have any partnership or shared possession of the 5G community with any Telco. There’s not sufficient transparency.
Monopoly is unhealthy for this nation. Monopoly is unhealthy for customers.
2. High quality of 5G protection
Malaysia shall be utilizing the next frequency bands for a nationwide 5G deployment – 700Mhz and three.5Ghz.
700Mhz band shall be essential in extending 5G protection to rural areas for bridging the digital divide. Within the city areas, this can assist to beat blind spots and poor cellular protection at indoor areas. With 700Mhz, it will be extraordinarily simple for DNB to supply 5G service to the complete nation in a brief time period. Nevertheless, a serious draw back of the 700Mhz band (80Mhz spectrum) is that it might not have the ability to provide tremendous quick Web speeds always, particularly when there’s one million buyer within the community.
The three.5Ghz band (100Mhz spectrum) is nice for gigabit speeds, however DNB has received to construct extra of those base station for the reason that 3.5Ghz sign don’t journey far. In case your 4G sign reception is already unhealthy, count on 3.5Ghz 5G to be worse.
MCMC requires that 5G in Malaysia should provide a mean speeds of 100Mbps. That is achievable with the three.5Ghz community. However what about 700Mhz? Maybe the 700Mhz 5G community could provide 100Mbps within the brief time period, when there are much less customers, however what about long run?
Thus far, DNB and MCMC has but to reveal any particulars on the variety of 5G base station it intends to arrange in Malaysia and the breakdown of 700Mhz and three.5Ghz websites. Up to now DNB stated that 5G companies shall be made obtainable in Putrajaya, Cyberjaya and elements of Kuala Lumpur in December 2021. Roughly 40% 5G protection in populated areas by the top of 2022 and 80% by finish of 2024.
Throughout the preliminary launch, Telcos could provide 5G as a set wi-fi broadband service they usually want the three.5Ghz community to ship these excessive bandwidth requirement companies. Chances are high, sooner or later, Telcos could not even enable tethering/hotspot utilization on the 700Mhz 5G community attributable to bandwidth limitations. However all these will depend on the community high quality.
With poor regulation, Malaysia 5G could find yourself with points much like 4G right now – poor high quality of protection and inconsistent speeds, in about 5 years time.
3. Value of Malaysia 5G companies
Will the worth of 5G companies value greater than 4G?
Since DNB doesn’t personal any fibre or base stations, it has to lease backhaul/bandwidth and base station from different Telcos like Telekom Malaysia (TM), Maxis, Celcom, Digi, U Cell, Time dotcom and edotco.
Leases and entry to fibre/backhaul are usually not low cost and customers will find yourself paying a excessive value for 5G. In easy phrases, for an instance, DNB has to pay Celcom to make use of its 10,000 4G websites and TM for entry to fibre backhaul – all these add as much as the price, until Celcom have been to deploy the 5G community itself utilizing its present infrastructure.
MVNOs comparable to Tune Speak and redONE might drive competitors and play an vital function to convey down 5G costs. Nevertheless these MVNOs could not have the ability to negotiate with DNB immediately for 5G as they could have a sure unique settlement with their present 4G host operator.
There’s additionally the query of 5G gadget affordability and compatibility with DNB’s 5G community. The most cost effective 5G smartphone obtainable right now value round RM1000.
Since its going to be a nationwide 5G community, the place is the transparency in wholesale pricing for 5G entry to the Telcos? Will all Telcos pay the identical 5G value to DNB or will sure Telco get reductions attributable to choice?
On the time of writing, the Malaysian Authorities, MCMC and DNB have by no means stated that they’ll convey down the price of broadband with 5G.
Proper now, the most cost effective, actually limitless 4G wi-fi broadband for all utilization/pace is unifi Air at RM79/month. How a lot will it value for a limiteless all utilization 5G broadband plan?
4. Longer time to repair 5G-Community Points in Malaysia
DNB shouldn’t be going to supply its 5G service on to customers, no less than that’s what the Authorities is saying for now.
Sooner or later, right here’s a state of affairs of what possible occurs when you’ve got a 5G community associated situation:
- You make a criticism to your 5G service supplier (Telco A)
- Telco A makes a criticism to DNB
- DNB investigates the criticism. It might have to log a criticism with its community companions (instance Ericsson/TM/edotco). This course of could take some time
- In case you not proud of the end result, you can also make a criticism to MCMC
- In case you are not proud of MCMC, there’s nothing you are able to do about it (there’s additionally no different 5G community on the market)
5G complaints decision interval will now take longer than 4G because it entails a number of events, relying on the community situation. Relating to 4G, the foremost Telcos are capable of rapidly resolve an pressing community situation, as they’ve direct entry to their community.
I imagine 5G expertise in Malaysia goes to be the identical with 3G and 4G, once more. However this time its worse since there’s solely a single 5G community supplier. So if in case you have a poor 5G protection or sluggish speeds, its most likely by no means going to be mounted in a brief time period. With 4G, we’ve 6 completely different networks to select from.
Future 5G customers in Malaysia ought to concentrate on this – If the DNB 5G community goes down, it’s going to additionally have an effect on all the opposite companies suppliers within the community, instance: Maxis 5G, Digi 5G, Celcom 5G, unifi cellular 5G, U Cell 5G and Sure 5G.
In the meanwhile, it’s unclear on what sort of community requirements has MCMC set for DNB. But when we take a look at HSBB, customers have reported Web outages for days/weeks at their space and TM has taken their very own time to repair these points.
In abstract, limitless broadband companies in Malaysia are nonetheless costly, our cellular protection are usually not excessive requirements and regulation are poor. I don’t assume Malaysia 5G goes to repair all these Web issues.
Article being up to date.
Disclaimer: That is an opinion primarily based article and a private view of the author. Please discuss with the respective events/Telcos for official data.